Hydroponics: Soil-less Farming
“Hydroponics” or Soil-less farming is a revolutionary innovation in the field of agriculture. The hydroponics, mean a method of growing plants without soil, in mineral solution packed with nutrients. Soil-less farming uses less space, where plants’ growth rate is higher, relatively eco-friendly and consumes less water, as compared to the conventional soil based farming.
Types of hydroponics Systems: There are 6 basic types of hydroponic systems:
DWC systems are excellent for growing leafy greens.
However, NFT is susceptible to pump failure and power cuts.
In a Recovery Drip System, the excess nutrient solution that runs off is gathered back to the reservoir for re-use. However, there can be substantial shifts in the nutrient strength and pH levels and requires periodic adjustments.
In Non-Recovery System the runoff is not collected. Thus, it requires less maintenance, since the excess nutrient solution is not recycled back into the reservoir; so the nutrient strength and the pH will not vary.
Author Note: The author has hands on experience in farming and is astonished to practice the soil-less farming. The author feels an ethical duty to put forward this methodology of soil-less cultivation into words, which will surely benefit the mankind, in near future.
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Summary: Soil-less farming is opening doors for new prospects, to feed an increasingly urban, rising worldwide population. With few limitations, it has many advantages, which makes hydroponics a boon in the field of agriculture.