The Indian farming community believes that staple crops and vegetables cannot be grown without good soil, good water, and plenty of sunlight.
What will be the future of hydroponic farming concepts in India?
The Indian farming community believes that staple crops and vegetables cannot be grown successfully without good soil, good water, and plenty of sunlight. Certainly, farming trends are changing worldwide, and India is poised to take advantage of this change.
Plants need water, nutrients, and high-quality seeds, according to new agricultural practices being adopted today. No soil is required. This type of farming is known as hydroponic farming. Hydroponics uses a spectrum of blue, red, and yellow colors rather than sunlight to grow plants.
Hydroponic farming in India is, by all means, still in its infancy in the country's agricultural industry. In fact, India's farming practices are largely traditional. Current hydroponic farming markets are confined to metropolitan and metropolitan cities, with Tier 1 cities exception. Farmers in India who are forward-thinking are adopting innovative techniques for hydroponic farming. In India, the vast majority of green units are designed to grow only microgreens. To grow fully mature main crops such as wheat, barley, and rice is a dream.
These units make growing lettuce and other vegetables expensive because their growth cannot be sustained to excess levels. However, the cost of setting up hydroponic farming units is even higher.
Hydroponics on the Rise in India
In India, hydroponics is still in its infancy, with most farms being run as start-ups. On the other hand, large firms are entering the market, which will improve their commercial acceptance. According to research, India has more than 40 commercially functioning hydroponic farms, with some new farms in the works. Due to low yields, most farms cater to adjacent metro cities, and businesses locate farms near demand centers for logistical convenience.
In southern and western India, large farms are concentrated. According to our data, Southern India has the biggest share, with places like Hyderabad, Bangalore, and Chennai having a vast number of farms and many new small and medium farms being developed.
Farms are sprouting up around the Mumbai-Pune belt and other Maharashtra cities like Nashik and Kolhapur. The competition isn't fierce because the technology is still in its infancy, and even among chefs and foodies, awareness is limited. However, it is projected that the popularity of hydroponics will grow, resulting in increased rivalry.
According to research, hydroponic farms are widely utilized in India to grow leafy greens like lettuce, herbs like Italian basil, and vegetables like cherry tomatoes, cucumbers, and red and yellow bell peppers. Larger greens, such as cherry tomatoes, bell peppers, and cucumbers, account for most hydroponic production in terms of quantity and value, followed by leafy greens like lettuce, arugula, and pakchoi.
Hydroponic Farming Scope in New India
The population of India is growing at an arbitrary rate, which is one of the main reasons for the shrinking supply of arable land. The ability of a fast-growing population to produce staple foods is becoming increasingly difficult as arable land area shrinks. In the future, hydroponic farming will alleviate India's problem of limited cultivable land. More staple crop varieties could be cultivated, and soil and water usage could be lowered or eliminated entirely.
It will look like when crops are grown in the visible light spectrum and fresh food is available to everyone on the ground. It could be the start of a new Green Revolution, which millennials will see firsthand.
Another significant advantage of developing hydroponic farming in India is that it will alleviate the strain on disadvantaged people and the environment in which we breathe and live. How will this be accomplished? Fruits and vegetables will be grown quickly since hydroponic farms demand less area and water and grow dangerously faster than conventional farming. Having abundant food available to everyone will not solve the problem of hunger. This unique procedure also conserves water, allowing more water to be used for other reasons.
Finally, hydroponic farming reduces pest and weed production to harmful levels. As a result, pesticides, insecticides, and weedicides will be used less frequently. There will be no polluting of the land. This technological revolution is a fringe movement, and much research is being done for the time being.